What is Down Syndrome?

MaddieDown syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition. The occurrence of Down syndrome is universal across racial and gender lines, and it is present in approximately one in 800 births in Canada.

Down syndrome is not a disease, disorder, defect or medical condition. It is wrong to refer to people with Down syndrome as “suffering from” it.  There are some medical conditions that are more commonly found in people with Down syndrome, but advances in diagnosis and treatment have greatly reduced the impact of these.

While individuals with Down syndrome do have some physical features in common, they resemble their family in appearance and temperament much more than they do each other.

As members of society, individual with Down syndrome benefit from loving homes, education, positive public attitudes and a supportive community environment.

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